Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder estimated to affect 1 in 88 children. It is much more common in boys than in girls, and is unaffected by racial, ethnic, socio-economic, lifestyle, or educational factors. Because of the wide array of symptoms and characteristics associated with the disorder, along with varying degrees of severity, Autism is referred to as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
An individual with ASD can experience difficulties with social interaction, verbal and nonverbal communication, and repetitive behaviors. An Autism Spectrum Disorder can also present itself in the form of intellectual disability or attention span, gross and fine motor coordination and/or physical health concerns.